Bariatric Arterial Embolization – No Surgery Weight Loss Procedure
Researchers have developed a new treatment that will help weight loss and reduce appetite in severely obese people. This new treatment is called Bariatric Arterial Embolization (BAE). This will be an alternative to weight loss surgeries like gastric bypass, lap band surgery and so on.
Initial clinical trials have proved BAE as a safe and effective treatment for obese people. Clifford Weiss of John Hopkins University US said: “These early results demonstrate that BAE appears to be effective in helping patients lose a significant amount of weight in the short and intermediate term.”
In the new treatment BAE, a particular portion of the stomach called fundus is targeted. This portion produces a majority of the hunger hormone called ghrelin. BAE is performed by interventional radiologists. They use catheters to gain access to the specific blood vessel in fundus portion of the stomach. This is done by a small nick in the skin at wrist or groin. Once the specific blood vessel is found the physician injects microscopic beads to decrease blood flow to the particular portion. This suppresses body’s hunger signal which then reduces appetite and leads to weight loss.
Researchers opted for seven severely obese, healthy adults with body mass index from 40 to 60. After the treatment, researchers checked ghrelin level, hunger and weight loss on adults under treatment at one, three and six months interval. In those seven patients, bariatric embolization was found safe. All patients showed weight loss and hunger reduction levels after the treatment. The level of ghrelin reduced in their body and quality of life improved. In the first month after BAE, patients showed the weight loss of 5.9 percent which increased to 13.3 percent after six months.
Clifford Weiss said “obesity is a highly prevalent, detrimental and costly disease in the US and abroad. Currently, interventions to treat this condition include behavioural modification, diet, and exercise, medication, and surgery. He describes BAE as a happy medium between diet and exercise and bariatric surgery.
According to Weiss, BAE fits in that zone between the two where there are a lot of treatment gaps. He said it adds a tool to the toolbox for the obese patient.
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