Symptoms and Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes – How to Reduce Your Risk?
The number of patients suffering from diabetes type II is increasing at an alarming rate all over the world. According to the WHO reports, the number of people suffering from type 1 and type 2 diabetes has quadrupled in last 34 years and Type 2 diabetes has become more common. It also shows that more men than women have diabetes. About 27 million people in the US have diabetes, whereas another 86 million have prediabetes; people whose blood glucose is not normal, but not high enough to be diabetes yet. According to the studies, high levels of sugar in the blood causes for 3.7 million deaths a year.
Pancreas in your body makes a hormone called insulin that helps your cells turn glucose from the food you eat into energy. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their body cells are unable to use it as well as they should. To combat, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. But it can’t keep up, and the sugar level increases in your blood.
There are many risk factors associated with the disease that can lead to many body complications and can develop major health problems.
There are many symptoms through which you can recognize it. If detected early, you can prevent it or treat the disease.
There are various reasons for development of diabetes such as genetic history, stressful life, unhealthy lifestyle, lack of physical activity and overeating, untreated high blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol levels, being overweight etc.,
The most common three symptoms of diabetes 2 are: frequent urination increased thirst and increased appetite. Many times people with type 2 diabetes experience extreme weight loss at first. Some other common symptoms include are Slow-healing sores, vision problem, frequent infections, fatigue, patches on the skin.
You shouldn’t overlook this. If you have developed any of these symptoms, you must consult your doctor and go through preliminary investigations.
HOW to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, you can take measures to prevent the disease from developing. You have to make some lifestyle changes.
- You must lose 5 to 7% of your body weight. If you are obese, you must take steps to reduce your weight and maintain it.
- You must take moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity for 150 minutes a week that includes 75 minutes of vigorous activity. You can take half an hour’s brisk walk a day. Some muscle strengthening activity is also advisable.
- You have to make some dietary changes to your body that includes: consume whole grain food and avoid processed food, eat leafy vegetables, avoid sugary drink, eat less red and processed meat.
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